Phenomenology is pre-reflective, focusing on lived experience without resorting to taxonomy, abstraction, or theory which dissociate the experiencer or observer from the phenomena directly present.
To understand what it is to be a person in the present times in a particular place and situation is to understand the dynamics of the structure of the lived-world — how it can be stretched, widened, restricted, and questioned. Phenomenology explores the grounds of the ways in which a person can experience the world and therefore what it means to be a person, to be human.
Through phenomenological investigation, we find “memories” that we never thought or felt before. We access something very raw, basic, and quintessential that was always there but never recognized before.